Content: who does what?

Anya Pearson, Julius Honnor and Laura Robertson; November 2018

Good content can change the world (or at least make it a far friendlier place).

But content job roles can be a tad confusing. Between content designers, content strategists, content writers, proofreaders and content editors, who does what exactly?

Content is like a garden – caring for content is as important as creating it. So we’ve put together a handy field guide to content roles. Think of them as a team of gardeners, who all have different parts to play.

Content strategist

What the role involves: Content has two sets of users: the people who create it and the people who consume it. Content strategists (that’s us!) find out about everyone’s needs and then design systems and processes, foster cultures, and embed skills and attitudes that propagate clear, relevant content that meets those needs.

Content strategists don’t just deal with the words and the pictures, they also nurture the content people.

Typically spotted: Content auditing and analysing, planning and strategising, running super-fun workshops with homemade brownies and lots of post-it notes.

Senior content editor or content manager

What the role involves: Akin to the editor-in-chief of a newspaper, a senior editor is in charge of the content, and may also manage design, production, evaluation and analysis processes. They probably also manage a team: the designers, writers, and other people who create content too.

Typically spotted: Propagating budding content ideas, giving feedback to content creators, commissioning interviews, juggling about twenty million content demands with admirable dexterity.

Content designer

What the role involves: Content designers help people to do things, or to find out what they need quickly and easily using (mostly) digital products. In the words of Trisha Doyle, head of content design at Government Digital Services, “user needs should be at the heart of everything that [content designers] do. So they need to focus on who their users are, what their motivations are, what they need from the piece of content, what actions that they need to take.”

Content designers are often all-rounders, understanding product design and delivery, and a bit of web development too. They are strong on using evidence, data and research to inform their work. And they have the greenest fingers when it comes to accessible language.

Typically spotted: Testing, iterating, repeating.


What the role involves: Writers may be journalists, novelists or bloggers. They may specialise in social media, law, or cupcakes. Voice and tone guidelines are the writer’s bible, and they’ll often write with a wider organisational strategy in mind. They may have research skills too. They will usually expect to work with an editor to help hone their words.

Typically spotted: Crafting concise copy, drafting long-form articles, doing background research, concocting killer tweets.


What the role involves: Copyediting takes the raw material and gets it ready for publication. We like this definition from the Society for Editors and Proofreaders: “The aim of copy-editing is to ensure that whatever appears in public is accurate, easy to follow, fit for purpose and free of error, omission, inconsistency and repetition.” It’s about looking at the bigger picture instead of hunting for typos, although they do that too.

Typically spotted: Checking facts, double-checking style guides, re-ordering paragraphs.


What the role involves: Proofreading is the final quality check and tidy-up. After your work has been copyedited, it is checked again “and that is the proof – proof that it is ready for publication”. Proofreaders check for consistency and accuracy at a fine level of detail.

Typically spotted: Checking use of the Oxford comma, resolving queries with authors, sighing about inconsistent use of bulleted text.

UX writer

What the role involves: Websites, apps and programs all need words to help their users do stuff. A UX writer specialises in crafting words that are clear and unambiguous. Often this is microcopy: words on buttons, labels in forms, success and error messages.

Typically spotted: A/B testing, agonising over whether “Log in” or “Sign in” will work better on a button.

We think good content people are worth their weight in platinum. But these are all quite different jobs and require different skill sets. If your project is big, you might need a range of content people and skills to get the job done.

Breaking down workflows and defining what sorts of tasks need doing will help you figure out who you need in your team. Some crossover is inevitable, but this guide should help avoid too much confusion.

Let us know on Twitter if you’ve got a great content person who doesn’t feature above and we’ll add them in!


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